Thank you for joining the intensive course on neurobiology of anxiety!

In order to focus on the most interesting part of the course - how all this brain business relates to behaviour and psychotherapy - it is important to keep the learning as stress-free as possible.

From my experience teaching neuroscience I know that the main obstacle will be the lexicon: the language of neurobiology is different from the language of psychotherapy.

It may be hard to learn new words and build meaningful knowledge using those words at the same time.

So on this page you will find brain structures together with their names and short description..

The purpose of these materials is to make you familiar with the terminology, so that it will be easier for you make links between the brain and psychotherapy during the course.

If you have a limited amount of time now, I would suggest just looking up the titles.

For neuroninja there are also short descriptions for each of the areas - have a look.

In any case, you don't need to memorise anything specifically, just look at the images and read the captions. Your brain will do the job :)

See you on Monday, January 28th at 13 pm Lisbon\London time!



Takes part in the following functions:

  • Regulation of bodily responses
  • Hormonal regulation
  • Rapid responses to changing environmental conditions, including threatening situations, sexual and maternal behaviour


Takes part in the following functions:

  • Memory (what? where? when?)
  • Planning
  • Cognitive space map
  • The anterior part of the hippocampus in humans is involved in inhibiting behaviour in uncertain situations, regulation of hormonal responses to stress and regulation of internal organs.


Take part in the following functions:

  • Learn what predicts danger (associative learning, e.g. music that was playing during the car crash will later cause a person to shiver because it immediately preceded pain and shock)
  • The initiation of defensive behaviour
  • Valuation (how good or bad something is)
  • Social behaviour

Stria terminalis (including bed nucleus of stria terminalis)

Takes part in the following functions:

  • Defence responses to uncertain, unclear threats
  • Responses to long-term stress
  • Social behaviour, including attachment

Takes part in the following functions:

  • Movement
  • Choice of action appropriate to the situation
  • Motivation ("I want")
  • Intention ('I am going to make an effort')
  • Pleasure ("This feels good")

The image shows a part of the striatum called the caudate nucleus (due to its shape reminiscent of the tail) There are other parts of striatum not indicated here.

Изображения: Anatomography, BodyParts3D, © The Database Center for Life Science CC-BY-SA

We will talk about how these and other areas of the brain work in concert when there is an uncertain threat. We will discuss what "breaks down" in anxiety disorders in the Intensive course.

  • It will be most convenient to participate in the intensive course from a computer.
  • You will need a camera and a microphone for interactions. Neither of these will be needed for the game, but again, it is much more convenient to participate from a computer.


Monday, 28/01/22, 13-15.30 Lisbon\London time

Main seminar

Friday, 03.02.22, 13-14 Lisbon\London time

Game and extra Q&A